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Text: Amélie Blackwell Images: Gaelle Drappier


illustration of the Saqlawi strain phenotype

Al Saqlawiyat

Variations: Saklawi, Seglawi, Saglaoui
Feminine: Saqlawiyah
Masculine: Saqlawi
Plural: Saqlawiyat

Most distinguishing characteristics: Feminine grace and elegance. The ideal Saqlawi represents beauty and refinement in the extreme. Feminine in appearance, they are of equal endurance to the Kuhaylan strains. Lighter in weight and leaner in frame than the Kuhaylan, they are not as strong in the hindquarters, tending to be a bit "light behind," with a tendency to stand under slightly. They are very high-spirited and are natural show horses. They have also succeeded admirably on the race track.

Conformation: Overall, they are well balanced with good height. They are longer-backed than the Kuhaylan and have strong level toplines with high tail carriage. They are very fine boned and are lighter in bone than the Kuhaylan. The head is longer and slightly narrower than the Kuhaylan. Longer foreface (eye to muzzle), somewhat resembling the beautiful desert racing camel's head in proportion. Very fine muzzle (the "teacup muzzle"). Eyes are large, dark and placed lower in the skull than in the Kuhaylan. Nostrils are extremely fine. Skin and hair very silky. The neck is longer than the Kuhaylan but in proportion to a longer body. Well-shaped and slender, and carried high.

Saqlawiyat horses at stud

Frasera Akbar main picture

Frasera Akbar

Majd Al Rayyan
x Frasera Shahilla

Lahab AlKharafi main picture

Lahab AlKharafi

Laheeb Al Nasser
x Mahlaha

Tameri Maih Jamil main picture

Tameri Maih Jamil

Farees Halim
x Monah Halima

Habba Saouda main picture

Habba Saouda

Imperial Mashhar
x Baraem EAO

Sinoan Umeerah Essuad main picture

Sinoan Umeerah Essuad

Presumido Feisul
x Habba Saouda

Fatima Bint Leyl main picture

Fatima Bint Leyl

NK Ibn Leyl
x Bint Leyl Al Saraby

Bint El Shaikh main picture

Bint El Shaikh AQ

Shaikh El Sherif
x CH Desert Spring

Magidaa main picture

Tameri Magidaa

Farees Halim
x CK Munirah Halima


illustration of the Dahman strain phenotype

Al Duhaym

Variations: Dahman, Dehman, Duhayman
Feminine: Dahmah
Masculine: Dahman
Plural: Duhaym

Most distinguishing characteristics: The Dahman are reputed to be from the horses of King Solomon. The name "dahman" means the "dark or black." Originally it was a substrain of the Saqlawi and represented an ideal blending of the Kuhaylan and Saqlawi type. The Dahman crosses exceptionally well with the modern Saqlawi strain. Primarily bred by the Khalifahs of Bahrain in the late 1700's and mid-1800's, this strain still exists on that island. Mohammed Ali and Abbas Pasha obtained choice individuals of this strain, as did Ali Pasha Sherif. Modern Dahman horses (Egyptian) descend from these.

Conformation: Excellent conformation, very balanced, classic type, posesses the Saqlawi's elegance and the Kuhaylan's strength. Legs are clean and fine-boned, short back, long and horizontal croup.

Duhayn horses at stud

Jmiaa main picture


x Desert Dhara

Sana main picture


TSEA Magick
x AJ Ahlams Delight

Sinoan Umniyah Essuad main picture

Sinoan Umniyah Essuad

El Norus
x Shalimaar Halima

Sinoan Dayeemah Essuad main picture

Sinoan Dayeemah Essuad

DF Kamar
x Ravenwood America

Sinoan Elham Essuad main picture

Sinoan Elham Essuad

HA Al Zahir
x Sana


illustration of the Kuhaylan strain phenotype

Al Kuhaylat

Variations: Kahaylan, Kuheylan, Kohaylan
Feminine: Kuhaylah
Masculine: Kuhaylan
Plural: Kuhaylat

Most distinguishing characteristics: Very masculine and powerful, ideally in direct contrast with the Saqlawi type, extreme masculinity.

Conformation: Kuhaylan type horses appear muscular, compact, and of symmetrical, rounded outlines. They are deep in the chest and broad fromt the front and rear views. The back seems very strong with the body being deep. The muscles seem round and distinct, the gaskins and forearms are broad and strong. Angles in the quarters are relatively closed. Head carriage is moderately high, and the body and neck do not appear long. In general no one feature stands out as prominent over others. The head has very detailed facial features (prominent veins, tear bones, wrinkled skin, etc.) with extremely broad forehead and great width between the eyes and jaws, very large eyes. Ears seem relatively small. Their disposition is gentle and kind. Kuhaylans combine beauty and muscular strength, and make excellent all-around saddle horses.

Kuhaylat horses at stud

Alfabia Safir main picture

Alfabia Safir

Safir Al Rayyan
x ZT Mirqqash

Isis Al Sakkarah main picture

Isis Al Sakkarah

Karnak Al Pharaon
x Anoukis Al Pharaon

Sinoan Aleeyah main picture

Sinoan Aleeyah

Sar Sharaf El Aswad
x Philae Al Pharaon

Sinoan ElKahila Essuad picture

Sinoan ElKahila Essuad

Sar Sharaf El Aswad
x Isis Al Saqqarah


illustration of the Habdan strain phenotype

Al Hadb

Variations: Hadban, Hedban
Feminine: Hadbah
Masculine: Hadban
Plural: Al Hadb

Most distinguishing characteristics: Most likely originally a substrain of the Kuhaylan. Handsome and elegant, and known for their great endurance and speed. Habdan stallions have the reputation to be excellent strain-crossing sires, enhacing the mare's qualities and erasing her flaws. Some of the very best Egyptian horses have Habdan sires: Nazeer, Ibn Rabdan, Habdan Enzahi etc.

Conformation: The general appearance of this type is one reflecting the strength of the Kuhaylan but with more scope in flowing lines. Of strong build with great depth of heart and very large shoulders, substantial bone but also showing some refinement created by the effect of longer lines and great style in movement. The head is large and broad with bony details, relatively straight profile and large eyes. They are considered to be of great endurance and easy keepers. Bay or brown were the predominent colors.

Al Hadb horses at stud

Hikuptah Zahwa main picture

Hikuptah Zahwa

Shaikh Al Jiwan
x Zoobah

Deebah Bint Ezz main picture

Deebah Bint Ezz

Madheen El Masr
x SP Ajibajala


illustration of the Abeyyan strain phenotype

Al Abeyyat

Variations: Ubayyan, Obeyyan, Obeyan
Feminine: Abeyyah
Masculine: Abeyyan
Plural: Abeyyat

Most distinguishing characteristics: Considered as an extreme substrain of the Saqlawi, bedouins named it "Saklawiyah Abeyyan". They are personified elegance and femininity. The Abeyyan Sherrak is the most precious and rare substrain, only found in the Abu Jereys family of the Meseka, and in a single family of the Jelaas.

Conformation:Abeyyan horses are characterized by a long skull with an elongated, convex, bulging forehead (the "jibba"), fine muzzles ("teacup" muzzles), and delicate nostrils. Generally, they have huge eyes that are dark and deepset. They also have strong jowls. This head is connected to a refined, well-shaped, long neck. These horses have deep chests and extremely long forearms. They also have immense shoulders and long fetlocks. The most striking feature of the Abeyyan horse, however, is probably their extreme tail carriage - they tend to carry their tails very high and "flag" when they run even more so than other Arabians. Abeyyan horses are often white or grey.

Abbeyat horses at stud

DKA Nadir main picture

DKA Nadir

Hi-Fashion Mareek
x Nagda

Hannah Bint Amal main picture

Hannah Bint Amal

CD Ibn Azal's
x KEN Amal